Utah Valley Global Health Group

A blog about global health for those living in Utah Valley and their friends.

Measles

Posted by chads on November 11, 2006

I have been a practicing physician for over 3 years in the United States and I have never seen a case of measles. My wife’s grandfather remembers “red measles” (as opposed to “German measles,” or rubella) going through “the whole family and the whole town.” Measles was a part of life; 90% of children had measles before they were 15 until a vaccine was licensed in the US in 1963.

Measles is now a disease of the poor. Virtually unheard of in countries like the US (fewer than a few hundred cases a year), it continues to kill thousands of children in developing countries despite the fact that it is easily preventable. Estimates in 2004 put 454,000 children dying of measles in 2004. That number has been steadily declining since 1999, likely due to mass immunization campaigns.

Measles is caused by a virus, and transmitted by respiratory secretions. Approximately 2 weeks after contracting the virus, the child gradually develops a fever, followed by the “3 C’s”: cough, coryza (runny nose), and conjunctivitis (red eyes). A characteristic rash then develops. Most recover without further problems. Complications that can lead to death include dehydration due to diarrhea, pneumonia (infection of the lungs), and encephalitis. (Manson’s Tropical Diseases) The mortality rate (percentage of those who get the disease and die from it) ranges from 0.1% to 25%, due to malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies.

Advertisements

3 Responses to “Measles”

  1. Hi Chad. I’m in Gp.7 in the online HIV class, and saw your blog URL in the group mail you’d sent today. I’ve worked as a physician in India for 8 yrs., and had 3 co-students from the MPH class in summer term in my Epi lab group. Funnily enough, we’d talked about the same thing- measles and influenza. I haven’t seen a case of either, and when my American counterparts responded with disbelief, I mentioned that I HAD treated hundreds of TB patients. Sure enough, none of them had seen a TB case, though with the HIV problem, sooner or later, everyone all over the world is going to have to learn more about this.

  2. chads said

    Thanks for stopping by, Abhilash. It does truly amaze me to think that diseases are unseen here because of public health interventions are killing thousands in developing countries. I can’t think of many causes that are more morally clear.

  3. […] most popular post has been Measles with 329 views, followed by “Should I Start an NGO?” with […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: